Starlight and time: Is it a brick wall for biblical creation?

Notes of a lecture on starlight and time. Do they present an insurmountable problem for biblical creationists? The lecture was given August 1st, 2015. See Age and Reason Seminar Adelaide for details.

Here is the problem. The universe is truly vast in size, in fact, tens of billions of light-years in size.  One light-year is about 10 trillion kms. It is the distance light travels in one year. By taking a literal history from Genesis chapters 5 and 11 you can calculate that the universe is only about 6000 years old. If so, how does starlight get to earth from a distance greater than 6000 light-years? Shouldn’t we only be able to see to a distance of 6000 light-years in the universe?

Is this a brick wall? Does it mean the bible must be wrong? Distances are billions of light-years. Surely that must mean light took billions of years to travel here from the distant cosmos? How do you explain that?

Ok, lets first look at some simple maths.

Distance = Speed x Time

So if you drive your car a distance of 100 kms and travel at 50 km/hr it will take you 2 hours.  10 billion light-years represents a distance in the Universe to some of the most distant galaxies like those pictured here in what is called the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field 2014.

HUDF1

Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2014 Credit: NASA, ESA, H.Teplitz and M.Rafelski (IPAC/Caltech), A. Koekemoer (STScI), R. Windhorst (ASU), Z. Levay (STScI)

This is an image taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. The galaxies are between 5 and 10 billion light-years away. Light travelling at 1 light-year/year over that distance should take 10 billion years to get to earth.  Shouldn’t it?

Let’s not argue over the distances in the cosmos. They are truly vast and even if the assumed distances were in error such that they were really 100 times less it would not solve the problem. Secondly there is the speed of light. Has it changed over time? If so, that could be a place to look for an answer. But it is a speed limit in the known Universe. And finally, there is the time it takes light from the distant cosmos to travel to earth, which is related to how we actually measure that time. We might also ask in reference to the biblical statements on the age of the Universe, by which clocks is that age measured? But biblical creationists are not the only ones with a light travel time problem. Continue reading

Development of an “old” universe in science

Notes of a lecture on the historical philosophical development of the notion that the universe is very old. Lecture was given August 1st 2015. See Age and Reason Seminar Adelaide for details.

Bishop James Ussher was the Irish Archbishop of Armagh and primate of all Ireland. He excelled in education, was fluent in Arabic and Hebrew. In 1654, after an exhaustive investigation, he published his date for the Creation of the Universe – 4004 B.C..When Ussher published this Creation date it was believed. There was nothing remarkable about that. If you add up the genealogies in the Bible, and with a bit of historical knowledge, you can easily get a time since the beginning of the world of around 6000 years. It was believed that God created the world as He said in Scripture about 4000 years before Christ. For roughly 18 centuries of the Christian era such a time period was widely believed.

In the 17th century Sir Francis Bacon developed the ideas of the modern scientific method – scientific empiricism—where one developed a thesis and did experiments to test it. Bacon has been called the ‘father of the scientific method.’

Middle ages onAnd it was from the Middle Ages science was nurtured in the Christian universities of Europe and flourished after that, from the Reformation on, underpinned by the rich Christian worldview that held that the Universe was created by a rational trustworthy God, and the unchanging laws of nature are His creation. Continue reading

Life in the Universe is the ultimate miracle

Life in the universe is rare, so rare in fact, I would wager that sentient life is only found on planet Earth. For nearly 50 years the collection of telescopes and scientists under the umbrella name of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) have searched among the wavelengths of a myriad stars in search of a radio signal, any signal, from intelligent life. But have they detected any? Apart from detecting the odd microwave oven in their own establishment,1 no is the answer.

This artist’s concept depicts one possible appearance of the planet Kepler-452b, the first near-Earth-size world to be found in the habitable zone of star that is similar to our sun. Picture: NASA Ames/JPL-Caltech/T. Pyle Source: Supplied

Earth 2.0: An artist’s conception depicting of the planet Kepler-452b, the first near-Earth-size world to be found in the habitable zone of star that is similar to our sun. Credit: NASA Ames/JPL-Caltech/T. Pyle

In 2013 Space.com headlines with “Alien Life May Be Rare Across the Universe2 but on July 23, 2015 NASA announced the discovery of Earth 2.0 with a headline on Space.com of “NASA Finds Closest Earth Twin Yet in Haul of 500 Alien Planets.”3

It is all over the news with a host of pictures of Earth 2.0. But wait, they are only artists’ conceptions.” One such drawing is reproduced here.

The report is that NASA found a near twin to Earth named Kepler-452b. It orbits its sun every 385 days, is 60 per cent larger in diameter than Earth, has a mass probably 5 times that of Earth and is located about 1,400 light years away. It’s a big deal! But why? Continue reading

Big scientific lies that have been told

Adolf Hitler wrote in his book Mein Kampf:

Die breite Masse eines Volkes … einer großen Lüge leichter zum Opfer fällt als einer kleinen.

which translated means “The broad mass of a people … will more easily fall victim to a big lie than to a small one.”

Reading this I was contemplating how in our global society now what potential exists to propagate big lies for some endgame, whatever that may be. Hitler had his propaganda ministry, and used it to manipulate the masses. His big lie was that the white Germanic Aryan race was the master race and by selective breeding, and eliminating the weak, he would assist evolution along to ultimately produce ‘superhumans.’

There was a German expression, which translated as “life not worthy of life.” So like you might get rid of unwanted cats his regime ‘put down’ at least 250,000 white Aryan Germans because they had some mental or physical disability. Not to mention the 6 million Jews, and about as many Gypsies, Poles, and others deemed unfit. Hitler was just applying Darwinian principles. He was a follower of the bogus science of goo-to-you evolution as well as other pseudosciences, the occult and eastern mysticism.

BB evolution

Pagan religion of evolutionism

Hitler hated true Christianity but fell for the pagan religion of evolutionism. But it was all one big lie. Evolution is still one big lie and it is still taught in schools and universities as if it is a fact. But the very principle that it relies on has no physical laboratory evidence. I am not saying that there is no circumstantial evidence for it—there is, the fossils in rock layers. But I am saying the very principle of the addition of ‘zillions’ of bits of new information to all plant and animal genomes as they become more fit within their existing habitats on Earth today. If evolution is so ubiquitous then the evidence—laboratory evidence—for new structures, novel features, in plant and animal genomes should abound. Continue reading

Rainbow gravity means an eternal universe

A cosmogony of an expanding universe that avoids the big bang beginning

Credit: cherrychil/stock.xchng

Credit: cherrychil/stock.xchng

Rainbow gravity is an idea developed in theoretical quantum cosmology that attempts to explain the existence of this universe without a Creator or a beginning.1 Such a universe has been called a ‘rainbow’ universe because in it different wavelengths of light experience spacetime differently, and as a result, the infinitely dense singularity can be avoided, meaning that the big bang never happened.

Though not a new idea, research published in 2013 on the concept by theoretical physicist Adel Awad of the Center for Theoretical Physics at Zewail City of Science and Technology in Egypt, has again offered a solution to the difficulty that the materialists face—the beginning of time.

The Creator tells us:

Ecclesiastes 3:11 He has made every thing beautiful in His time: also He has set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God makes from the beginning to the end. (KJVER)

It would seem that God has made it extremely difficult if not impossible for man to discovery exactly how He created the Universe in the beginning. And yes, it had a beginning. Continue reading

Global cooling coming

You think this southern hemisphere winter is cold, according to Professor Valentina Zharkova,1 reported on Channel 9 News here in Australia, solar activity, such as sunspots, will drop up to 60 percent by 2030 and plunge the planet into a mini Ice Age.2,3 She makes the connection in her research between solar irradiance and the earth’s weather and sunspots are an indication of the cyclic activity of the sun.

Snow in Australia might become a more common sight with a mini-Ice Age coming in 15 years. Credit: www.9news.com

Snow in Australia might become a more common sight with a mini-Ice Age coming in 15 years.
Credit: http://www.9news.com

In only 15 years time we should be in the middle of a mini-Ice Age. After this weekend in Adelaide, South Australia–located on the edge of the Antarctic Ocean–I am inclined to believe such a report. It has been cold!

This is the same prediction that John L. Casey made in his bookDark Winter, How the Sun Is Causing a 30-Year Cold Spell” where he predicted a period of extreme cold by the year 2030. In fact, he predicts it will last 30 years, a period similar to the “Dalton Minimum” around 1810 or even worse, the “Maunder minimum”, which lasted from 1645 to 1715. Continue reading

Cosmology’s Achilles’ heel

Exposing the big bang’s Fatal Flaw

img1975Evolution, in the cosmic sense, from the nothingness of the universe before the big bang and the alleged initial singularity, from which all energy, and hence all matter (i.e hydrogen gas), is alleged to have arisen, to the formation of our solar system, to the origin of life itself, to the evolution of man on Earth, has many fatal flaws. For that reason the title of this book (about these issues) makes use of the plural form of the expression “Achilles’ heels”.

In cosmology it is cosmic evolution that can be shown to be nothing more that cosmic mythology — a philosophical belief system. Cosmology when it tries to answer the question of the origin of the Universe itself is rendered not to be science but a philosophy, nothing more than a meta-physical belief system. 

The following article was first published in Evolution’s Achilles’ Heels (Chapter 7, but slightly edited here). The book is available from Creation Ministries International. Continue reading